July 28-August 1, 2013
(Call for papers)
Co-sponsored with The American Ceramic Society
SCOPE OF MCARE2013
MCARE2013 (Materials Challenges in Alternative & Renewable Energy 2013) aims to facilitate information sharing on the latest developments in materials for alternative and renewable energy sources and systems. The overall efficiency, effectiveness and practicality of potential future energy sources and systems are directly related to many materials and related factors. Some of these key features include materials costs, availability and improvements in chemical, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties of materials now being considered, as well as the ability to produce and fabricate materials that work effectively in areas of energy generation, storage and distribution.
Energy 2013 will include tutorials and invited overview presentations on leading energy alternatives by global leaders as well as technical sessions addressing state-of-the-art materials issues involved with future energy sources systems.
Emphasis will be on materials challenges and innovations in areas of batteries and energy storage, biomass, electric grid, geothermal, hydrogen, hydropower, nuclear, solar power and wind.
HISTORY OF MCARE2013
The Materials Challenges in Alternative & Renewable Energy series of meetings was started in February 2008 in Cocoa Beach, Florida. This meeting was organized by The American Ceramic Society and ASM International under the leadership of George Wicks and Jack Simon. This meeting was designed with an interdisciplinary approach of assembling leading experts in the field to discuss and focus on materials innovations in an emerging hydrogen economy. In February 2010, ACerS teamed with ASM International plus the Society of Plastics Engineers to convene MCARE 2010 in Cocoa Beach, Florida. This second meeting attracted over 225 people and included participants from 20 countries, including China. MCARE 2012 is being held in February 2012 in Clearwater Beach, Florida and is expected to attract over 275 people.
In 2011, ACerS, George Wicks and Jack Simon decided to organize an MCARE meeting every other year in the United Sates and to co-sponsor meetings in other countries. ACerS then agreed to co-sponsor MCARE 2013 in Dunhuang City, China.
•Batteries and Energy Storage Batteries are devices that convert chemical energy into electrical energy. There are many types of batteries available, representing a multi-billion dollar industry. Among the battery types of much interest are standard lead acid batteries, Li-ion batteries, supercapacitor, and redox flow battery. Materials improvements are critical in making these energy systems more effective in the future.
Biomass is energy derived from organic plant and animal matter including wood, crops, manure, and municipal solid wastes. When burned, the energy in biomass is released as heat but it can also be converted to other forms of energy like methane gas, ethanol and biodiesel.
The Electric Grid is an interconnected network designed to deliver electricity from various energy sources, and involves controlling the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity. The grid cannot store significant amounts of power, so electricity must be generated as it is needed, by millions of consumers at any moment in time. Therefore, an efficient and effective control system is essential to match electric generation with use. It is critical to improve the reliability, efficiency and security of this system.
Geothermal electricity is electricity generated from geothermal energy. Technologies in use include dry steam power plants, flash steam power plants and binary cycle power plants. Geothermal electricity generation is currently used in 24 countries, while geothermal heating is in use in 70 countries. The U.S. produces more geothermal electricity that any other country, but this still amounts to less than 1/2 of one percent of all energy generated. Most geothermal reservoirs are deep underground but can find their way to the surface as volcanoes, hot springs and geysers. California has almost three dozen geothermal power plants that produce the largest fraction of U.S. energy from this source.
Hydrogen can be produced from a variety of domestic sources, including fossil fuels as well as from renewable resources and can be stored in gas, liquid or solid forms. There is considerable work in progress on development of materials and systems for effective hydrogen storage. This alternative is considered a promising energy concept of the future, but like many alternatives, there currently is no infrastructure in place to produce, store, transport or distribute hydrogen effectively.
Hydropower, hydraulic power, hydrokinetic power or water power is power that is derived from the force or energy of falling water, which may be harnessed for useful purposes. Since ancient times, hydropower has been used for irrigation and the operation of various mechanical devices, such as watermills, sawmills, textile mills, dock cranes, and domestic lifts. In China and the rest of the Far East, hydraulically operated "pot wheel" pumps raised water into irrigation canals. Since the early 20th century, it is used almost exclusively in conjunction with the modern development of hydro-electric power. Worldwide, an installed capacity of 1,010 GW supplied hydroelectricity in 2010. Approximately 16% of the world's electricity is renewable, with hydroelectricity account for 21% of renewable sources and 3.4% of total energy sources. The hydroelectricity shares more than 50% of all renewable energy sources. China has the largest annual energy production, 652.05TWH, and installed capacity 196.79GW in the world.